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Empirical Legal Research Resources and Strategies: Overview


This guide introduces selective resources and tools for conducting empirical legal research. The rise of empirical legal research is well documented. For discussions of the importance and impact of empirical legal studies on shaping the future of law, see 

Elizabeth Chambliss, When Do Facts Persuade? Some Thoughts on the Market for "Empirical Legal Studies", 71 Law and Contemporary Problems 17 (2008),

Theodore Eisenberg, Why Do Empirical Legal Scholarship?, 41 San Diego Law Review 1741 (2004),

Elizabeth Warren, The Market for Data: The Changing Role of Social Sciences in Shaping the Law, 2002 Wisconsin Law Review 1 (2002),

To find more articles, one may search in Lexis, Westlaw, Bloomberg, Index to Legal Periodicals and Jstor using keywords including but not limited to empiri!, data, quantitative and/or qualitative. SLS affiliates can click here to access these databases. 


Compiled Bibliographies

Suggested, Non-Exhaustive Bibliography, Databases and Software to Carry Out Data-Driven Empirical Research of International Economic Law, 20 Journal of International Economic Law 419 (2017),

Daniel F. Behn, Empirical Studies on Legitimacy in International Investment Law, PluriCourts Investment, Internal Working Paper (2014),

Shari Seidman Diamond & Pam Mueller, Empirical Legal Scholarship in Law Reviews, 6 Annual Review of Law and Social Science 581 (2010),

Hebert M. Kritzer, Empirical Legal Studies Before 1940: A Bibliographic Essay, 6 J. Empirical Legal Stud. 925 (2009),

Michelle M. Mello & Kathryn Zeiler, Empirical Health Law Scholarship: The State of the Field, 96 Georgetown Law Journal 649 (2008), 

Elzbieta M. Gozdziak & Micah N. Bump, Data and Research on Human Trafficking: Bibliography of Research-based Literature (2008),

Herbert M. Kriztzer, Bibliography of Publications and Papers of the Civil Litigation Research Project (last updated December 2004),  

Michael Chiorazzi et al.,  Empirical Studies in Civil Procedure: A Selected Annotated Bibliography,  51 Law and Contemporary Problems 87 (1998),

Laura Lin, The Effectiveness of Outside Directors as a Corporate Governance Mechanism: Theories and Evidence, 90 Northwestern University Law Review 898 (1996) (This article includes a bibliography of empirical studies on the topic in the Appendix), available in Hein. (Login required for off-campus access).


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