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Finding Foreign and International Sources

This guide is intended to assist researchers with finding foreign and international sources.

What's in This Guide

This guide was originally created to assist journal members in locating foreign and international sources cited in their articles - hence the focus on Bluebook rules and deciphering abbreviations in citations - but can be useful to anyone researching in that area. 

Foreign law refers to "the law of another country" (e.g., the law of Germany, the law of France, etc.). International law refers to "the legal system governing the relationships between countries," including "international organizations and individuals." [Black's Law Dictionary, 10th ed.]

The Bluebook provides guidance for citing foreign materials in Rule 20 (Foreign Materials) and Table 2 (Foreign Jurisdictions) (as of the 21st edition of the Bluebook, Table 2 is only available online). The Bluebook provides guidance for citing international materials in Rule 21 (International Materials) and Tables 3 (Intergovernmental Organizations), 4 (Treaty Sources), and 5 (Arbitral Reporters). 

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